This article examines the source of Fethullah Gulen’s controversy in his da’wah, that is golden generation and their infiltration into state institutions. Golden generation is the main goal of Gulen’s mission. He creates golden generations through his educational activities. He founded schools, dormitories and isik evler. After undergoing training, golden generations are urged to pursue their further education in top universities. Afterwards, they are encouraged to pursue careers in any state institutions. Facts have it, Gulen succeeded in placing the golden generation in all state institutions, including the police, prosecutors, judiciary and military institutions. They reach some high posts in the state institution. This very way is Gulen’s method to ‘Islamize the persons of the state institutions’ rather than to ‘Islamize the institution’. Later on this very method and bringing the golden generation into the state institutions give birth to a controversy that culminated in the 2016 Turkish coup. This article concludes that the coup is originated from Gulen’s concept of the golden generation and his encouragement for the golden generations to take into state institutions and carry out ‘Islamization’ from within the institution.
Keywords: Gulen Movement, Gulen’s dakwa, Gulen’s controversy, golden generation, infiltration
1. Kontroversi Dakwah Fethullah Gulen: Golden Generation dan Infiltrasi ke dalam Lembaga Negara
This article examines an approach to prove the existence of God that of which of Iqbal’s and Nursi’s. Their approaches come in mid of onslaughts of atheism and materialism. Both thinkers use different approaches. While Iqbal is reconstructing the arguments of God and offering a religious experience, Nursi uses teleological arguments which is inherited from the previous Islamic scholars to counter the attack of atheists and materialists. In addition to teleological argument Nursi benefits from scientific findings. While Iqbal uses philosophical approach, Nursi resorts to simple language to make it easy for lay people to absorb his messages through story, dialogue, analogy, argument of order of the world and of the universe. Instead of the thinkers use different approaches, both of which use science as basis for their arguments. While Nursi benefits from the latest discoveries in science, Iqbal uses epistemology to prove the existence of God.
Keywords: Bediuzzaman Said Nursi; cosmological argument; Muhammad Iqbal; ontology argument; teleological argument
1. Metode dan Pendekatan Pembuktian Wujud Tuhan: Studi Pemikiran Muhammad Iqbal dan Bediuzzaman Said Nursi
This article seeks to examine Fethullah Gulen’s da’wah activities by which he integrates his movement into the globalized world. Despite the fact that Turkish Coup in 2016 tarnished Gulen and his movement, and scholars come to question Gulen’s intentions, Gulen’s activities are to be explored so as for Islamic movements somewhere else to emulate his success in da’wah. This article offers a perspective using the da’wah approach. Question under discussion in this article is as to which steps of da’wah lead Gulen movement to be a respected Islamic movement prior to the 2016. Gulen managed to widen the da’wah from merely conventional da’wah such a that of preaching into educations, dialogues, and economic. It is indeed Gulen’s emotional preaching that fascinates listeners and drives them voluntarily to engage in his activities of da’wah and to give hand to his missionary works which include building schools, TV stations, radios, hospitals, and banks. Gulen’s da’wah in economic goes in line with his effort to broaden his influence on international level which in turn leads the movement integrated into the global economy. It is interfaith dialogue and pluralism that bring Gulen into integrating Islam with cosmopolitanism in the globalized world. Muslims no longer belong solely to ummah, but they are citizen of the globalized world.
Keywords: Fethullah Gulen; Gulen Movement; Gulen’s da’wah; cosmopolitanism; hizmet
1. Paradigma Dakwah Islam Fethullah Gulen di Abad Kontemporer
This article discusses a hegemonic project of Gulen Movement in Turkey. To read this hegemonic project does this article use a Neo-Gramscian approach. The accumulation of Gulen Movement triggers a friction between Gulen Movement and the already existed hegemonic block, that is of political Islam. The feud of these Islamic groups started when Gulen Movement makes use of an existing neo-liberal system, both at the national and international levels, to build its accumulations on economy, social and politic sphere. The success of the accumulation leads Gulen Movement into a counter-hegemonic block which eventually triggered a Turkish coup 15 July 2016.
This article examines the integration of the Gulen Movement into the neoliberal economy. In spite of the Gulen Movement currently undergoes a severe persecution under President Erdogan and charged as FETO (FethullahTerrorist Organization), Gulen’s success story in the economy is of interest for any Islamic movements to emulate. In contrast to those belong to the revivalist Islam that rejects the neo-liberal economy, Gulen does accept the neoliberal economy. He integrates neoliberalism into Islam, and vice versa. Gulenacceptance of the neo-liberal economy, in turn, encouraged his movement to adopt for further neoliberal principles such as human rights, multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism, etc. Since Gulen willingly immerses in the neo-liberalist system, he could be categorized into a progressive Islam. Nevertheless, Galen shows his critical attitude toward the capitalist economy despite his acceptance of the system. This article argues that Gulen’s adoption of the neo-liberal economy is a method of da’wah. This article calls it as ‘da’wah in the economic field’.As it is the case, Gulen’s adoption of neo-liberal economics does not appear simultaneously once, rather through gradual processes in which it goes through three stages of his da’wah: individual transformation, social transformation, and the state.
Keywords: Neoliberalisme, Salafi, Islam progressif, Fethullah Gulen, Gulen Movement
- Dakwah Ekonomi Gulen Movement: Integrasi Islam dan Neoliberalisme
- http://ejournal.iain-tulungagung.ac.id/index.php/epis/article/view/881 (terakreditasi “B”, SK Dirjen Ristek Dikti No. 36a/E/KPT/2016)