Metode dan Pendekatan Pembuktian Wujud Tuhan: Studi Pemikiran Muhammad Iqbal dan Bediuzzaman Said Nursi

Abstract:

This article examines an approach to prove the existence of God that of which of Iqbal’s and Nursi’s. Their approaches come in mid of onslaughts of atheism and materialism. Both thinkers use different approaches. While Iqbal is reconstructing the arguments of God and offering a religious experience, Nursi uses teleological arguments which is inherited from the previous Islamic scholars to counter the attack of atheists and materialists. In addition to teleological argument Nursi benefits from scientific findings. While Iqbal uses philosophical approach, Nursi resorts to simple language to make it easy for lay people to absorb his messages through story, dialogue, analogy, argument of order of the world and of the universe. Instead of the thinkers use different approaches, both of which use science as basis for their arguments. While Nursi benefits from the latest discoveries in science, Iqbal uses epistemology to prove the existence of God.

Keywords: Bediuzzaman Said Nursi; cosmological argument; Muhammad Iqbal; ontology argument; teleological argument


Sources:

1. Metode dan Pendekatan Pembuktian Wujud Tuhan: Studi Pemikiran Muhammad Iqbal dan Bediuzzaman Said Nursi 

2. http://ejournal.uin-malang.ac.id/index.php/ululalbab/article/view/5418

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